Mechanized Exodus: Tractor Ebro Diesel 44

Our Ebro

The recently restored example that we have had the opportunity to photograph and drive is manufactured in 1961. Unfortunately, years later, the bureaucracy forced to replace its original number plates with new ones with the letters VE and different numbers.

It has the 44 hp engine, which began to be installed in 1959. Its original contrast between the blue of the body and the orange of the wheels makes it well visible in the field, in addition to distinguishing it from the competitors of the time.

Most of its components were of national manufacture, achieved after a Spanish company obtained the license from its British or North American producer.

Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
The Simms patent injection pump was manufactured in Spain under license

But as always, there are exceptions to the rule. And that happens with a good part of the electrical system, supplied by the English firm Lucas.

To get on the metal seat, the easiest access is from the left side, saving the clutch pedal, while with one hand you grab the steering wheel.

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Already installed

Once the position on the seat is taken, it takes a while to see all the controls that surround me. For starters, the black pasta steering wheel, to the right of which is the hand throttle.

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Beyond that you can see that kind of black fungus, which is the air inlet to the engine through its corresponding filter.

And in the foreground, the clocks of the water thermometer and the oil pressure gauge that make up the bare instrumentation.

Between the legs is the gear lever, the diagram of which is engraved on the cast iron floor. And under the diesel tank, a metal wall houses the ignition key, the work light switch, the gearbox and the stop handle.

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Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
Under the integrated diesel tank, the ignition key, the switch
of the work light, the reduction lever and the stop handle

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Next to the clutch pedal, on the left side is the black engine start lever, almost attached to another flat lever that activates the rear cardan power take-off.

Moving to the right side, in front of the foot accelerator is the double brake pedal. As desired, the two rear wheels brake at the same time, or independently the one on each side with the simple turn of a plate that joins both pedals.

Below is the belt pulley, which can operate at two different speeds. During the harvest of wheat, barley or oats, It used to be used to move the thresher. And under the seat, the lever that controls the drag bar.

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Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
1- The two-speed pulley, designed to transmit force through belts
2- Under the central gear lever, the indelible gear diagram

Starting ...

I turn the ignition key to the first position, instantly turning on the red light on the frame. And just by flipping the left lever, the starter sounds for a couple of seconds and the veteran diesel engine begins to purr.

I put the first gear into gear and as I released the clutch the Ebro began to move at a very slow pace. In fact, in first gear and at maximum power, this tractor rolls at a quiet speed of 3,34 km / h. Of course, with great drag force.

The elevated position, plus the absence of the typical cabin that was put to protect it from the cold and rain, puts the environment under complete visual control. In any case, I prefer to continue to familiarize myself with its controls.

Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
Designed to be operated with the left hand, the black lever
starter and the flat lever that activates the rear PTO

With a length of 3,30 meters, one soon adapts to this single-seater with tall and thick wheels. To begin with, you have to get used to a very hard steering when stationary.

Since the gearbox is not synchronized, in the low gears it is necessary to stop, engage another relationship and leave again. The power of the engine is such that up to fourth gear can be started without much difficulty.

On the contrary, in seventh and eighth it makes sense to perform the double clutch maneuver. And at speeds above 10 km / h it is noticed that the direction is becoming imprecise, which forces you to handle the steering wheel with continuous attention.

Ebro Diesel 44 Tractor from 1961
First of all, this Ebro tractor has a remarkable towing capacity,
but it can only reach a maximum speed of 3,34 km / h


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Ignatius Saenz

Written by Ignatius Saenz

I am Ignacio Sáenz de Cámara, I was born in Vitoria more than half a century ago. As it happens to many of you, I too suffered / enjoyed from a young age with that impossible to restrain attraction towards any motor vehicle. As I got older, I saw that I also liked to read everything that fell ... Read More


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